|Habitats||Desert Cliffs, Mediterranean Cliffs|
|Presence In Israel||Resident|
|Nesting In Israel||Breeder|
|Zoography Zones||Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian, Saharo-Arabian|
|Landscape Formations||Mountainous, Cliffs|
|Vegetation Formations||Mediterranean Maquis, Mediterranean Garrigue|
|Vegetation Densities||Low, Medium|
|Body Sizes||Large (over 1000g)|
|Threat Factors||Pesticide Poisoning, Lead Poisoning|
The Common Raven is a relatively rare resident species. It is extinct as a breeder in the Mediterranean region, except for a few pairs in the northern Golan Heights. About 40-80 pairs are estimated to breed in the Judean Desert and Eastern Samaria, and 30 to 50 pairs in the Negev (Mayrose & Hatsofe 2017). In was once a common breeder throughout the Mediterranean region. Until the mid-20th century, a few hundred pairs nested on Mt. Hermon, in the Golan Heights, the Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Samaria and Judea south to Bethlehem. During the 1960s and 1970s, a drastic reduction in the number of individuals was recorded, probably due to poisoning. During the 1980s, the population recovered somewhat, and at the end of the decade 25-30 pairs nested in Israel (Shirihai 1996).
Mountainous or cliff landscapes, mainly in the Mediterranean region, but in other climate conditions as well, except for extreme deserts.
Poisoning – Common Ravens are very susceptible to poisoning as they feed on arthropods and small carrion such as rodents. This is probably the main reason for the dramatic decline in their population, recorded in the second half 20th century.
Direct disturbance – mainly by hikers and rock climbers.
- מירוז, א. והצופה, א. 2014. סיכום סקר קינון עופות דורסים במדבר יהודה. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים.
- פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
- פרלמן, י., שוחט, א. ולבינגר, ז. 2009. סקר אטלס ציפורים בערבה סיכום שנת 2009. דו"ח מרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
- Shirihai, H., 1996. The Birds of Israel. Academic Press, London.
- Symes, A. 2013. Species generation lengths. Unpublished, BirdLife International.
- Species page at Birdlife International
Current Occupancy Map
The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel in the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and nesting density during the comparison period. For further reading
Relative Abundance 2010-2020
Breeding density values as calculated from observation records and expert opinions.
Relative Abundance 1980-1990
Breeding density values are based mainly on the book Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).
Occupancy difference 1990-2020
A map that expresses differences in the breeding distribution between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative value - species previously present but is currently absent, positive value - species has not been recorded previously and is currently present, zero - no change in occupancy.
Relative abundance difference 1990-2020
A map that reflects the changes in the relative abundance of the species between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative values - decline in abundance, positive values - increase in abundance, zero - no change in abundance.