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Ptyonoprogne rupestris

warning Vulnerable
VU (D1)

Contributed: Avner Rinot, Asaf Mayrose, Ezra Hadad
Update Time: Jan. 1, 2011, 7:39 a.m.

The Eurasian Crag Martin is classified as Vulnerable (VU) due to the extremely small size of its breeding population, estimated at less than 50 adult individuals combined with a regional adjustment for the fact that the breeding population in Israel is a marginal population at the edge of the global range of the species. In the previous edition of the Red Book (2002), it was classified as Least Concern (LC). The change in its threat category reflects differences in the assessment methods between the two editions and not a significant change in the status of the population.
VU Current Regional Assessment | LC Previous Regional Assessment | LC Global Assessment

Presence In Israel Summer, Winter Visitor, Migrant
Breeding In Israel Breeder, Non-Breeder
Migration Types Short Range / Partial
Zoographical Zones Alpine, Irano-Turanian
Landscape Types Mountainous, Cliffs
Vegetation Densities Low
Nest Locations Cliffs, Buildings
Diet Types Invertebrate
Foraging Grounds Aerial
Body Sizes Small (up to 500g)
Threat Factors Unknown

The Eurasian Crag Martin is a medium sized martin with a wide chunky body. It is brown-grey with darker, contrasting underwing coverts.

A few Eurasian Crag Martins nest in Israel, only on the higher areas of Mt. Hermon, from the outskirts of Majdal Shams to the upper ski lift, at an altitude of 1,300-2,200 meters (Ezov 1986, Israeli & Perlman 2013).

The Eurasian Crag Martin nests in mountainous areas in the Alps, the Caucasus and east to the Himalayas, and in our region in the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains. It builds a nest of mud attached to a cliff, house wall or power pole.

No specific conservation measures have been taken for this species to date.

  • ישראלי, נ. ופרלמן, י. 2013. סיכום סקר עופות מקננים בחרמון. דו"ח מרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
Contributed: Avner Rinot, Asaf Mayrose, Ezra Hadad

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
0 0 0 0 0

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel from the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and breeding density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values in the current decade as determined from experts' opinion and observations from databases.

Relative Abundance 2010-2020 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
8 12 12 21 19

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Density values based primarily on the book The Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Relative Abundance 1980-1990 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
5 14 14 17 22

Occupancy 1990-2020

The map shows differences in the species breeding distribution between the 1980's breeding map and the current weighted breeding evaluation. Negative value - species previously bred in the grid and is not presently breeding; positive value - species has not previously bred in the grid and is currently breeding.

Occupancy 1990-2020
Data Missing No Change Occupancy Increase Occupancy Decrease
6 35 1 9

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020

The map shows the changes in the relative abundance of a species in each of the distribution grids between the breeding map of the 1980s and the weighted current breeding evaluation. Negative values - decline in abundance; positive values - increase in abundance; zero - no change in abundance.

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020
80 to 100 50 20 to 30 No Change 30- to 20- 50- 100- to 80- Data Missing
0 4 2 22 12 14 11 16

Red number
IUCN category
Threat Definition according to the red book
() districts
% of protected sites

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