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Sterna caspia

warning Not applicable

Habitats Wetlands with Shallow Banks
Presence In Israel Migrant
Nesting In Israel Occasional Breeder
Migration Types Long Range
Zoography Zones Mediterranean, Sudano-Zambezian
Landscape Formations Salt Ponds, Coastal Islats, Wetlands, Mud Plain
Vegetation Densities Low
Nest Locations Ground
Diet Types Fish
Foraging Grounds Water
Body Sizes Medium (500 - 1000g)
Threat Factors Wetland Drainage & Pollution

  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel in the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and nesting density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values as calculated from observation records and expert opinions.

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Breeding density values are based mainly on the book Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Occupancy difference 1990-2020

A map that expresses differences in the breeding distribution between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative value - species previously present but is currently absent, positive value - species has not been recorded previously and is currently present, zero - no change in occupancy.

Relative abundance difference 1990-2020

A map that reflects the changes in the relative abundance of the species between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative values - decline in abundance, positive values - increase in abundance, zero - no change in abundance.

Red number

IUCN category

() districts
% of protected sites

Other Species

Larus leucophthalmus
Larus armenicus
Chlidonias niger