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Tetrax tetrax

warning Not applicable

The Little Bustard is classified as globally Near Threatened (NT) globally. The species does not breed in Israel therefore no regional threat assessment was conducted.
NA Current Regional Assessment | Previous Regional Assessment | NT Global Assessment

Presence In Israel Winter Visitor
Breeding In Israel Non-Breeder
Migration Types Long Range
Nest Locations Ground
Diet Types Generalist
Foraging Grounds Ground
Body Sizes Medium (500 - 1000g)
Threat Factors Hunting and trapping, Habitat loss and fragmentation

The Little Bustard is a medium-sized ground-dwelling bird whose streaked brown plumage provides excellent camouflage in the grassy habitats it frequents. It populates grassy plains, pasture and cultivated fields. Omnivorous and feeds on seeds, small fruits and inflorescences, insects and small vertebrates. During the breeding season the male’s head becomes grey and neck is black and sports a double white collar. The females and immature birds are brown-grey very well camouflaged from predators. In flight, the Little Bustard reveals white wings with black primaries and sandy brown wing coverts, the same color as its body plumage.

The Little Bustard is a rare passage migrant and winter visitor in northern Israel, particularly in the Bet She’an Valley and the Golan Heights. Individual birds are seen yearly. In previous years, it was more common and occasionally seen in flocks of a few to tens of birds.

  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel from the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and breeding density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values in the current decade as determined from experts' opinion and observations from databases.

Relative Abundance 2010-2020 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
8 12 12 21 19

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Density values based primarily on the book The Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Relative Abundance 1980-1990 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
5 14 14 17 22

Occupancy 1990-2020

The map shows differences in the species breeding distribution between the 1980's breeding map and the current weighted breeding evaluation. Negative value - species previously bred in the grid and is not presently breeding; positive value - species has not previously bred in the grid and is currently breeding.

Occupancy 1990-2020
Data Missing No Change Occupancy Increase Occupancy Decrease
6 35 1 9

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020

The map shows the changes in the relative abundance of a species in each of the distribution grids between the breeding map of the 1980s and the weighted current breeding evaluation. Negative values - decline in abundance; positive values - increase in abundance; zero - no change in abundance.

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020
80 to 100 50 20 to 30 No Change 30- to 20- 50- 100- to 80- Data Missing
0 4 2 22 12 14 11 16

Red number
IUCN category
Threat Definition according to the red book
() districts
% of protected sites

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