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Anthus similis

warning Vulnerable
VU (C1)

Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Yoav Perlman, Yosef Kiat, Lior Kislev, Tuvia Kahn, Ezra Hadad, Noam Weiss, Yuvak Dax
Update Time: Jan. 1, 2011, 7:39 a.m.

The Long-billed Pipit is classified as Vulnerable (VU) because of the continued decline in its population size, which is estimated to exceed 10% over 3 generations (11 years). In the previous edition of the red book (2002), it was classified as Endangered (EN). The apparent improvement in its status does not reflect a true improvement, but a slowing down of population and range reduction, as well as differences in the quality of information and assessment methods between the editions.
VU Current Regional Assessment | EN Previous Regional Assessment | LC Global Assessment

Habitats Rocky Terrain, Mediterranean Batha, Semi-desert Batha, Mountainous Terrain
Presence In Israel Resident
Breeding In Israel Breeder
Migration Types Resident
Zoographical Zones Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian
Landscape Types Mountainous, Rugged Terrain
Vegetation Types Mediterranean Garrigue, Steppe, Herbaceous
Vegetation Densities Low
Nest Locations Ground
Diet Types Invertebrate
Foraging Grounds Ground
Body Sizes Small (up to 500g)
Threat Factors Wildfires, Tree planting, Habitat loss and fragmentation

The Long-billed Pipit is resident in mountainous and hilly areas in Israel’s Mediterranean and Steppe regions, at altitudes of 250-700 meters. In recent decades has disappeared from Mt. Carmel, large areas in Western Judea and Samaria and most of the Western Galilee.

The Long-billed Pipit occupies shrubland (Batha and Garrigue) on rocky slopes in the Mediterranean region and the desert transition area.

Direct disturbance – mainly by military activity, shepherds and hikers.
Afforestation that reduce and fragment shrublands. Long-billed Pipits do not nest in planted areas or in adjacent areas, and they require shrubland patches extending at least over 50 hectares (Shochat 2000).
Wildfires in shrublands – mainly due to military exercises.
Closing of native woodland – reduced grazing in northern Israel leads to closing of woodland and the resulting habitats are not suitable for the pipits.

No specific conservation measures have been taken for this species to date.

Preserving shrubland patches greater than 50 hectares and avoiding habitat fragmentation caused by development and afforestation.

  • מירוז, א. 2008. סיכום סקר ציפורים בשמורת סנסן אביב 2008. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים ומרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • מירוז, א. 2013. סיכום סקר ציפורים במזרח לכיש, אביב 2013. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • מירוז, א. ושוחט, א. 2014. סיכום סקר ציפורים סביב היישוב נטע במזרח לכיש – 2014. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • מירוז, א., 2007 . סיכום סקר ציפורים בגבעות גומר. דו"ח עבור רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
  • צורים ע., מירוז, א., 2006 . סיכום סקר ציפורים באזור נחל אדוריים. דו"ח עבור רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • שוחט, א. 2000. השפעת קיטוע בתות הספר על ידי חורש נטוע על חברת העופות בצפון הנגב. חיבור לקבלת תואר דוקטור. אוניברסיטת בן-גוריון.
  • Shirihai, H., 1996. The Birds of Israel. Academic Press, London.
  • Shochat, E., Abramski, Z., Pinshow, B., 2001. Breeding bird species diversity in the Negev: Effects of Scrub Fragmentation by planted forests. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 1135-1147.
  • Symes, A. 2013. Species generation lengths. Unpublished, BirdLife International.
  • Species page at Birdlife International
Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Yoav Perlman, Yosef Kiat, Lior Kislev, Tuvia Kahn, Ezra Hadad, Noam Weiss, Yuvak Dax

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
0 0 0 0 0

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel from the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and breeding density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values in the current decade as determined from experts' opinion and observations from databases.

Relative Abundance 2010-2020 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
8 12 12 21 19

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Density values based primarily on the book The Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Relative Abundance 1980-1990 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
5 14 14 17 22

Occupancy 1990-2020

The map shows differences in the species breeding distribution between the 1980's breeding map and the current weighted breeding evaluation. Negative value - species previously bred in the grid and is not presently breeding; positive value - species has not previously bred in the grid and is currently breeding.

Occupancy 1990-2020
Data Missing No Change Occupancy Increase Occupancy Decrease
6 35 1 9

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020

The map shows the changes in the relative abundance of a species in each of the distribution grids between the breeding map of the 1980s and the weighted current breeding evaluation. Negative values - decline in abundance; positive values - increase in abundance; zero - no change in abundance.

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020
80 to 100 50 20 to 30 No Change 30- to 20- 50- 100- to 80- Data Missing
0 4 2 22 12 14 11 16

Red number
IUCN category
Threat Definition according to the red book
() districts
% of protected sites

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