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Falco naumanni

warning Near Threatened
NT (D1)

Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Lior Kislev, Ezra Hadad, Ido Zurim, Ohad Hatzofe, Yosef Kiat

The Lesser Kestrel is classified as Near Threatened (NT) because of its small population size (Slightly over 1,000 mature individuals). In the previous edition of the Red Book (2002), it was classified as Endangered (EN). The improvement in the status of the species reflects the relative stability in its population size during the past two decades, although it is still far smaller than the population that bred in Israel during the first half of the 20th century. At the same time its population in Israel stabilized, a similar trend was identified in other countries and the global status of the species was changed in 2011 from Vulnerable (VU) to Least Concern (LC).
NT Current Regional Assessment | EN Previous Regional Assessment | LC World Assessment

Presence In Israel Summer Breeder, Migrant
Nesting In Israel Breeder
Migration Types Long Range
Zoography Zones Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian
Landscape Formations Mountainous, Plains & Valleys, Rural Area, Cliffs
Vegetation Formations Steppe, Herbaceous
Vegetation Densities Low
Nest Locations Cliffs, Buildings
Diet Types Invertebrate, Vertebrate
Foraging Grounds Ground
Body Sizes Small (up to 500g)
Threat Factors Plantations, Nest Harvesting, Human Settlements in Gorges, Hiking & Climbing, Pesticide Poisoning, Habitat Fragmentation

  • לשם, י. 1979. העופות הדורסים בישראל. הוצאת החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • מירוז, א. והצופה, א. 2014. סיכום סקר קינון עופות דורסים במדבר יהודה. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
  • פרלמן, י. 2013. אוכלוסיית הבז האדום הדוגר בישראל – סיכום עונת ניטור 2013. דוח קרן הדוכיפת ומרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • שולמן, י. 2001. האקולוגיה של הבז האדום בישראל. חיבור לקבלת תואר מוסמך. אוניברסיטת ת"א.
  • Mendelssohn, H. 1975. Report on the Status of Some Bird Species in Israel in 1974. I.C.B.P. 12:265-270.
  • Shirihai, H., 1996. The Birds of Israel. Academic Press, London.
  • Symes, A. 2013. Species generation lengths. Unpublished, BirdLife International.
  • Species page at Birdlife International
Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Lior Kislev, Ezra Hadad, Ido Zurim, Ohad Hatzofe, Yosef Kiat

Current Occupancy Map

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel in the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and nesting density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values as calculated from observation records and expert opinions.

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Breeding density values are based mainly on the book Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Occupancy difference 1990-2020

A map that expresses differences in the breeding distribution between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative value - species previously present but is currently absent, positive value - species has not been recorded previously and is currently present, zero - no change in occupancy.

Relative abundance difference 1990-2020

A map that reflects the changes in the relative abundance of the species between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative values - decline in abundance, positive values - increase in abundance, zero - no change in abundance.

Red number

IUCN category

() districts
% of protected sites

Other Species

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