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Falco naumanni

warning Near Threatened
NT (D1)

Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Lior Kislev, Ezra Hadad, Ido Zurim, Ohad Hatzofe, Yosef Kiat
Update Time: Jan. 1, 2011, 7:39 a.m.

The Lesser Kestrel is classified as Near Threatened (NT) because of its small population size (Slightly over 1,000 mature individuals). In the previous edition of the Red Book (2002), it was classified as Endangered (EN). The improvement in the status of the species reflects the relative stability in its population size during the past two decades, although it is still far smaller than the population that bred in Israel during the first half of the 20th century. At the same time its population in Israel stabilized, a similar trend was identified in other countries and the global status of the species was changed in 2011 from Vulnerable (VU) to Least Concern (LC).
NT Current Regional Assessment | EN Previous Regional Assessment | LC Global Assessment

Presence In Israel Migrant, Summer
Breeding In Israel Breeder
Migration Types Long Range
Zoographical Zones Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian
Landscape Types Mountainous, Plains & Valleys, Cliffs, Rural Area
Vegetation Types Steppe, Herbaceous
Vegetation Densities Low
Nest Locations Cliffs, Buildings
Diet Types Invertebrate, Terrestrial Vertebrates
Foraging Grounds Ground
Body Sizes Small (up to 500g)
Threat Factors Nest Harvesting, Human Settlements in Gorges, Hikers and rock climbers, Pesticide Poisoning, Habitat loss and fragmentation, Tree planting

  • לשם, י. 1979. העופות הדורסים בישראל. הוצאת החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • מירוז, א. והצופה, א. 2014. סיכום סקר קינון עופות דורסים במדבר יהודה. דו"ח רשות הטבע והגנים.
  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
  • פרלמן, י. 2013. אוכלוסיית הבז האדום הדוגר בישראל – סיכום עונת ניטור 2013. דוח קרן הדוכיפת ומרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • שולמן, י. 2001. האקולוגיה של הבז האדום בישראל. חיבור לקבלת תואר מוסמך. אוניברסיטת ת"א.
  • Mendelssohn, H. 1975. Report on the Status of Some Bird Species in Israel in 1974. I.C.B.P. 12:265-270.
  • Shirihai, H., 1996. The Birds of Israel. Academic Press, London.
  • Symes, A. 2013. Species generation lengths. Unpublished, BirdLife International.
  • Species page at Birdlife International
Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot, Lior Kislev, Ezra Hadad, Ido Zurim, Ohad Hatzofe, Yosef Kiat

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
0 0 0 0 0

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel from the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and breeding density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values in the current decade as determined from experts' opinion and observations from databases.

Relative Abundance 2010-2020 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
8 12 12 21 19

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Density values based primarily on the book The Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Relative Abundance 1980-1990 by density
Data Missing Sporadic Limited Sites Low Density High Density
5 14 14 17 22

Occupancy 1990-2020

The map shows differences in the species breeding distribution between the 1980's breeding map and the current weighted breeding evaluation. Negative value - species previously bred in the grid and is not presently breeding; positive value - species has not previously bred in the grid and is currently breeding.

Occupancy 1990-2020
Data Missing No Change Occupancy Increase Occupancy Decrease
6 35 1 9

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020

The map shows the changes in the relative abundance of a species in each of the distribution grids between the breeding map of the 1980s and the weighted current breeding evaluation. Negative values - decline in abundance; positive values - increase in abundance; zero - no change in abundance.

Change in Relative Abundance 1990-2020
80 to 100 50 20 to 30 No Change 30- to 20- 50- 100- to 80- Data Missing
0 4 2 22 12 14 11 16

Red number
IUCN category
Threat Definition according to the red book
() districts
% of protected sites

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