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Irania gutturalis

warning Vulnerable
VU (D1)

Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot

The White-throated Robin is classified as Vulnerable (VU) because of the very small number of individuals breeding in Israel (less than 50), combined with a regional adjustment for the fact that the breeding population in Israel is a marginal population at the edge of its global range. In the previous edition of the Red Book (2002), it was classified as Near Threatened (NT). The change in its status does not reflect an actual change in its population, but differences in the assessment methods between the editions.
VU Current Regional Assessment | NT Previous Regional Assessment | LC World Assessment

Presence In Israel Summer Breeder, Migrant
Nesting In Israel Breeder
Migration Types Long Range
Zoography Zones Alpine, Irano-Turanian
Landscape Formations Mountainous
Vegetation Formations Mediterranean Maquis, Mediterranean Garrigue
Vegetation Densities Low, Medium
Nest Locations Bushes
Diet Types Invertebrate
Foraging Grounds Ground, Trees and Shrubs
Body Sizes Small (up to 500g)
Threat Factors Habitat Fragmentation

The White-throated Robin is a particularly beautiful member of the flycatcher and chat family (Muscicapidae). The male is conspicuously colorful, with an orange breast that contrasts with its white throat and black cheeks. The females and juveniles are grey and paler.

The White-throated Robin summers at Mt. Hermon, at altitudes between 1,200 and 2,000 meters. The population arrives from mid-April and leaves in July. The species nests in shrub clumps in landscapes with no or sparse tree cover. An estimated 20 pairs breed on Mt. Hermon (Israeli & Perlman 2013).

The White-throated Robin has an Irano-Turanian distribution, between Turkey in the west and Afghanistan in the east. It is not classified as globally endangered and there is no evidence of population decline (BirdLife International 2017).

The White-throated Robin is threatened by unregulated development on Mt. Hermon including roadworks, development of ski runs and other installations.

No specific conservation measures have been taken for this species to date.

Development work on Mt. Hermon should be restricted and supervised to minimize harm to natural habitats.

  • ישראלי, נ. ופרלמן, י. 2013. סיכום סקר עופות מקננים בחרמון. דו"ח מרכז הצפרות של החברה להגנת הטבע.
  • פז, ע. 1986. עופות. מתוך אלון, ע. (עורך), החי והצומח של ארץ ישראל. כרך 6. הוצאת משרד הביטחון, ישראל.
  • שוחט, א., פרלמן, י., שני, א., עובדיה, ע., ישראלי, נ., פרלמן, ג. ואלון, ד. 2009. טיבוע ציפורים ארוך טווח בחרמון: תמורות בהרכב החברה ובדינאמיקה של אוכלוסיות.
Contributed: Asaf Mayrose, Avner Rinot

Current Occupancy Map

Distribution maps

The maps presented here provide visual information on the distribution of species in Israel in the past and present, and the changes in occupancy and nesting density during the comparison period. For further reading

Relative Abundance 2010-2020

Breeding density values as calculated from observation records and expert opinions.

Relative Abundance 1980-1990

Breeding density values are based mainly on the book Birds of Israel (Shirihai 1996).

Occupancy difference 1990-2020

A map that expresses differences in the breeding distribution between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative value - species previously present but is currently absent, positive value - species has not been recorded previously and is currently present, zero - no change in occupancy.

Relative abundance difference 1990-2020

A map that reflects the changes in the relative abundance of the species between the evaluation periods (1980-1990 versus 2010-2020). Negative values - decline in abundance, positive values - increase in abundance, zero - no change in abundance.

Red number

IUCN category

() districts
% of protected sites

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