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Long-stamened Garlic
Allium tardiflorum

4.2 Endangered
EN

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Allium tardiflorum grows in Israel
only in the Carmel, at 11 sites, although it is estimated that there are about
15 sites. All the sites are located on the northern and high part of the Carmel
Ridge – Wadi Ben-Dor, upper Wadi Nesher, Hareva Quarries, Yagur-Svah Ridge, Mount
Arkan, Mount Shokef, Upper Wadi Oren, from the Alon Valley to the area of Isfia-Dalyat
el-Carmel, Wadi Nets, Bet-Oren Hill, Ya'arot HaCarmel.

Chalk slopes in
semi-shaded forest on rendzina soils and on rocky slopes and
rocky limestone and dolomite ground in the mountainous Carmel area.

·        
Allium tardiflorum is known in the Carmel from the early 1980s after Yoav
Gertman and Hava Lahav discovered it and described it to science as new species
in 1990. Consequently there is no data available for comparison with earlier periods
and it is not possible to assess trend changes in the number of its sites.

·        
A. tardiflorum
populations on the Carmel sites usually number a few dozen plants.

·        
Its habitat is not endangered thanks to its relatively
low accessibility and because the sites are included within the boundaries of a
nature reserve and national park.

·        
A. tardiflorum
is endemic to Israel and its local threat is equivalent to its global threat.

Allium tardiflorum populations should
be monitored over the long-term at all its sites to study its change trends, if
any, and formulate management policy. 

Allium tardiflorum is endemic to
the Carmel in Israel, but it can also be seen as a late-flowering subspecies of
A. paniculatum. Similar autumn
species grow in Cyprus, Crete, Turkey, Greece and even the Carpathians (Kollman
et al., 1990). If these species are combined in a single taxonomic unit
blooming in the fall, we eliminate both the species endemic to Cyprus and the
species endemic to the Carmel and the species has a broader geographic
distribution.

Allium tardiflorum is an autumn
flowering geophyte characteristic of chalk and rendzina on the Carmel. It has great
conservation importance as it is endemic to the Carmel, i.e. its global
distribution is limited only to the Carmel.

Kollman, F., A. Shmida, and O. Cohen, 1990. Allium tardiflorum, a new autumn-flowering species, Herbertia, 46(1):
23-32.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map


FamilyLiliaceae
ClassificationOn the endangered species list
EcosystemMediterranean
ChorotypeMediterranean
Conservation SiteHaHagana Hill on the Carmel

Rarity
1
4
6
Vulnerability
0
0
4
Attractiveness
0
0
4
Endemism
0
4
4
Red number
1
4.2
10
Peripherality0

IUCN category DD EW EX LC CR EN VU NT
DefinitionEndangered

1 (1) districts
Disjunctiveness: 0
63.6% of protected sites

Other Species

Papillous Garlic
Tel-Aviv Garlic
Jericho Garlic
White-tunicated Garlic