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Checkered Autumn Crocus
Colchicum feinbruniae

4.2 Endangered
EN

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Colchicum feinbruniae is limited to the
Golan Heights and to the foot of Mount Hermon and grows there on 37 sites, of
which 36 sites are located in the central and northern Golan Heights on an area
extending from El Rom in the north to Keshet in the south. According to estimates,
there are about 50 sites. The populations are spread over the Bashanit Ridge,
westwards to Hushnia and Keshet and northwards to Mount Avital and Mount
Bental. Outside this area, there are populations in Waset, Nafah road, Tel
Shiban, Zavitan Stream and more. In the 1980s, an isolated population of
C. feinbruniae was discovered on the low Hermon in Wadi Hazuri and in Wadi Govta
at an altitude of 900 m (Orr, 1987). Additional sites on Mount Hermon were
found in Wadi Sna’im on Mount Kahal and near
the site of thecovenant between the parts” (Brith ben
HaBetarim) on Mount Dov at an altitude of 900-1300 meters.

Rocky basalt plains with shallow grumosol-like soil at altitudes
of 700-1100 meters on volcanic rocks. Rarely also on limestone rocks and
cliffs.

The number of Colchicum feinbruniae sites
in the Golan is relatively large, but the importance of its conservation results
from its status as endemic to the Golan Heights and an attractive plant whose
spectacular flowers puts it at risk of being collected for transplantation to
gardens. The plant is protected by law by virtue of being a geophyte and grows in
some of the Golan Heights reserves: Bar’on Pond, Mount Shifon, and Bashanit
ridge. The other sites in the Golan Heights are not located in nature reserves.
As the species is endemic to the Golan Heights, its local threat status is
equivalent to its global status.

Long-term population monitoring should be conducted at all
the Colchicum feinbruniae sites and efforts made to obtain
information on the possible existence of populations on Ǧebel Druz and Hauran. Taxonomic-ecologic
research should be conducted on the relationship between C. feinbruniae
and the closely related species C. hierosolymitanum and C. polyfolia in Israel, Lebanon and Jordan.

Colchicum feinbruniae is endemic to the
Golan Heights. Persson (1992) identified a single population and first
described the species from Mount Shifon in the Golan Heights. She also noted
the species from Lebanon and southwestern Syria. The taxon range probably
extends to Hauran and Jebel Druze in southern Syria.

Colchicum feinbruniae is a geophyte endemic to the Golan Heights which
has spectacular flowers and should be prioritized for conservation.

 

י.1987. "לעצור ברמזור ורוד!"- סתוונית התשבץ וסתוונית ירושלים בגולן. "טבע וארץ", ל' (2): 20-22.
Dusen, D. O. and Sumbul, H. 2007. A morphological investigation of chicum L. (Liliaceae) species in the Mediterranean region in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 31: 373-419
Persson K. 1992. chicum feinbruniae Sp.Nov. and allied species in the Middle East. Isarel J. of Botany.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map


FamilyLiliaceae
ClassificationOn the endangered species list
EcosystemMediterranean
ChorotypeMediterranean
Conservation SiteMonitoring plot Keshet, Mount Hozek

Rarity
1
1
6
Vulnerability
0
0
4
Attractiveness
0
3
4
Endemism
0
3
4
Red number
1
4.2
10
PeripheralityN

IUCN category DD EW EX LC CR EN VU NT
DefinitionEndangered

1 (1) districts
Disjunctiveness: 0
5.4% of protected sites

Other Species

Jordanian Meadow Saffron
Colchicum aff. antilibanoticum
Early Star-of-Bethlehem, Radnor Lily
Gagea libanotica