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Gonocytisus pterocladus

3.7 Vulnerable

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir
Update Time: Jan. 1, 2011, 7:39 a.m.

Gonocytisus pterocladus grows at only 
ten sites in the Western Upper Galilee, in HaSulam Ridge in the Hanita-Tarshiha
section. The sites are located along the road going up to Hanita (on the edge
of a planted pine grove and on the western slope of dense woodland growing on Cenomanian
chalk); on Mount Manor, on Mount Ukhman (there too on chalk), in the Kziv Stream
near En Tamir, on the Bilton Reserve, west of 
Mi’ilya, west of Tarshiha and west of Sha'al Stream. The largest
population is located in the Hanita section.

Chalk and marl in the rainy Mediterranean region
up to an altitude of 800 m. In southern Lebanon, it is dominant on exposed chalk
on steep slopes together with Pinus brutia, but in the Galilee, it accompanies
the P. halepensis plant association.

In Israel, Gonocytisus pterocladus is unique to the western Upper Galilee on chalk and marl substrates.
The number of its sites is small, but seems relatively stable now.

The plants are scattered throughout the sites, but in
small patches. The sites are close to each other in one section about seven
kilometers long. Most of the populations are small and the largest population
is in the Hanita area numbers only 300 items.

The plant’s fertility is high and it also produces seeds
by self-pollination. After the fruit opens in late summer and autumn, the seeds
fall near the mother plant.
G. pterocladus seeds from the Hanita population were successfully
germinated in the nursery (M. Ron, pers. comm). In nature, nothing is known
regarding the species' renewal by germination.

Most of the G.
populations grow on
inaccessible sites and therefore will probably not be affected by development. The
Hanita population, although it is very close to the kibbutz and is located at
the roads edge and in a built-up area, is currently difficult to access.
However, a part of the Hanita population is located in areas with a high development
potential. The shade of the planted pine forest in Hanita may lead to the deterioration
of the shrubs.

G. pterocladus is protected by law. A small part of the Hanita plants
are located in a nature reserve, but most are not. The sites on Mount Ukhman
and Mount Manor are located in a nature reserve.

Gonocytisus pterocladus should be monitored at all the sites in which it grows,
to ensure that the number of its plants is not declining. The trees in the Hanita
pine forest should be regularly thinned to allow the
G. pterocladus shrubs to develop. In view of its ease of propagation and rapid
development, plants should be cultivated in refuge gardens and used as summer
ornamentals for landscaping in communities located near the natural sites. The
possibility of reinforcing natural populations by planting should be considered. 

Gonocytisus pterocladus has an eastern Mediterranean distribution – from the
Amanus Mountains in southeastern Turkey, through the Mediterranean regions of
Syria and Lebanon west of the watershed and up to the northern Upper Western Galilee.

Gonocytisus pterocladus is a tall shrub that grows exclusively on
chalk and marl in the western Upper Galilee, in one section, on a limited
number of sites. It is threatened by its rarity, its small populations, its sensitivity
to shade and the possibility of future development on some of is sites.
is classified as a red species due to its
attractiveness and as the Western Galilee is at the extreme southern edge of
its range.

גליל, י. 1980. "צלען הגליל - צמח הזקוק להגנה". בתוך: ידעיה, מ. (עורך), במערבו של הגליל - קובץ בוטאני. הוצאת החוג האזורי ליד"הא - גליל מערבי.
כהן ע. ושמידע, א. 1992 - צלען הגליל. "טבע וארץ", 249 (5): 40-42.
כהן,א. וא.שמידע, 1992, ספר המידע האדום - צמחים נדירים בישראל, כרך א' - הצמחים הנדירים של הגליל העליון. רשות שמורות הטבע, החברה להגנת הטבע.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map for observations per pixel
1000 squre meter pixel 5000 squre meter pixel 10000 squre meter pixel
number of observations 0 0 0
in total pixels 0 0 0

ClassificationOn the endangered species list
ChorotypeEastern Mediterranean
Conservation SiteTsal'an plot near Hanita

Red number
Peripherality N
Threat Definition according to the red book Vulnerable
1 (1) districts
Disjunctiveness: 0
37.5% of protected sites

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