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Loose-flowered Orchid, Lax-flowered Orchid
Orchis laxiflora

4.7 Endangered

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir
Update Time: Jan. 1, 2011, 7:39 a.m.

Orchis laxiflora grows in 10
regions at 23 recorded sites, and according to estimates there are about 25
sites. In the Acre Valley, it is almost extinct and remains only in the Afek Reserve.
On the Carmel Coast, it remains in the Tel Sharish area north of Ma’agan Mikhael.
The largest concentration in the country survived in the Sharon in Ahu Binyamina,
in the Zeta marsh, at
En Arubot and Enot Hogla.
It is extinct from the Pleshet coast, where it had been collected in 1920-50
from the Yarkon and Wadi Sorek areas. In the Lower Galilee
O. laxiflora
is found at the Bet Lehem HaGlilit reservoir although it has disappeared from
Yodfat. In the Jezreel Valley it has almost disappeared from the Tishbi-Kfar
Yehoshua Junction and is extinct in the Ta’anakh Region and from the En Harod area.
In Ramat Menashe,
O. laxiflora grows only in Wadi HaShofet. In the
lower Hermon, it is located in the area of the Hazuri springs and Mount Keta.
In the Golan Heights, it is known from the Hushniya springs and from the Samakh
Stream. In the Hula Valley, it gone from the Dan Stream, although it was found in
the Kiryat Shmona area, at En Bdolah, Lehavot HaBashan, Kfar Blum and Ahu Gonen.
In the Kinarot Valley, it is known only from En Balibel

Heavy soils in moist locations, flooded in winter in Israel's
Mediterranean region.  Fallow fields, riverbanks
and depressions in valleys.

Orchis laxiflora grew in the past
and grows today in relatively many regions in Israel, and among these it is
completely extinct from only one, Pleshet. However, in most of the regions in
which it still found there is a significant decrease of almost one-half, in the
number of sites from which it was previously known

Most O. laxiflora populations are
small – from a few to tens of plants, with the exception of those found on Ahu Binyamina
site where the size of the population was formerly estimated at thousands, but
even at this site there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of plants

The moist meadows and heavy flooded
soils habitat is slowly disappearing in Israel and the loss of the habitat
constitutes the main threat to the continued existence of
O. laxiflora.

O. laxiflora is protected in
the En Bdolah, Tel Dan, Golan Iris-Hushniya, En Afek and En Arubot reserves.
The largest population of the species, in Ahu Binyamina, is located in a
proposed, but not yet declared reserve. The species is protected under the
wildflower protection law

O. laxiflora is not
considered an endangered species in other countries.

Ahu Binyamina should
be formally declared a reserve. In addition, the patches in which
Orchis laxiflora grows should be
marked as local conservation sites after checking that the species has indeed
survived there, for example at Kfar Yehoshua and the Tishbi Interchanges in the
Jezreel Valley and the Hula Valley sites.

Orchis laxiflora is found from Spain
to Central Asia. It is usually divided into three subspecies: the typical
subspecies – ssp. laxiflora – that grows in all the northern
Mediterranean Basin countries; in France and Spain it penetrates northwards to
the Euro-Siberian regions and is even found, although extremely rarely, in
southern of England.

is also found in Mediterranean Turkey, the Black Sea coast and Cyprus; the
subspecies  dielsiana – grows in
eastern Turkey, the southern Caucasus, northern Iraq, Iran and in  fragmented populations in Central Asia; the
subspecies dinsmorei – grows in western Syria, Lebanon and Israel .

Orchis laxiflora grows in moist, flooded heavy soils. There is a significant
decline in the number of its sites and its unique habitat is slowly
disappearing. O. laxiflora is a peripheral species whose main
distribution area is in northern Israel. The number of protected sites should
be increased.


ראה סחלב מצויר ורשימת הספרות הכללית

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map for observations per pixel
1000 squre meter pixel 5000 squre meter pixel 10000 squre meter pixel
number of observations 0 0 0
in total pixels 0 0 0

ClassificationOn the endangered species list
ChorotypeMediterranean – Irano-Turanian (Euro-Siberian)
Conservation SiteAhu Binyamina, En Arubot, En Bdolah near Gome Junction

Red number
Peripherality N
Threat Definition according to the red book Endangered
10 (11) districts
Disjunctiveness: No data
6.9% of protected sites

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