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Sinai Poppy
Papaver decaisnei

3.7 Vulnerable

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir
Update Time: Aug. 21, 2023, 4:32 p.m.

Papaver decaisnei grows in the
southern Negev and Arava regions, at a single site in each of them, a total of
two sites. The plant was discovered as a new species for Israel in 1987 in the
fields of Kibbutz Elot in the Arava. It probably arrived in one of the floods
from southern Edom Mountains. In 1990, it was discovered during a Rotem seminar
in Wadi Yaham in the southern Negev where it was also seen in 2010. The species
was probably not found there before 1990 due to its short flowering period and the
fact that it appears in the extreme desert only in rainy years.

In Israel on sandy and gravelly dry streambeds in the extreme
desert. In Sinai
Papaver decaisnei grows only on
high mountains at altitudes of 900-2500 meters on slopes and wadis with coarse
sand. In Iraq and in Iran it is quite common on rocky hills and gravel and silt-rich
loess valleys at altitudes of 50-700 meters. In Jordan, it grows in west-facing
canyons in the areas of Petra and Aqaba, but is extremely rare. The population near
Elot is probably an extension of the large population growing in the Aqaba
Mountains to the east, as is the case with Matthiola arabica, Lasiospermum
and Artemisia judaica.

Papaver decaisnei has been observed
only a few times, not continuously, in the extreme southern regions in Israel. Therefore,
there is no clear information on the number of sites and the changes in their

The P. decaisnei plants are scattered
in open spaces as individuals. Information on the demographic indices of the
species in Israel is incomplete. Apparently, as all Papaver species, the
capsule produces many small seeds that disperse easily, but nothing is known
about their pollination, the rate of seed creation, and their viability and
germination capacity

The P. decaisnei population in the Elot
fields has not been seen for 23 years. If it still exists (in fact or in the
seed bank), it may become extinct as a result of agricultural activities or
from future development due to the urban expansion of Elat

The P. decaisnei sites are not located
in nature reserves

There is no information on the threat
status of
P. decaisnei in the countries in
its range, but in Jordan it is extremely rare.

A geographic survey to verify the distribution of Papaver decaisnei should be conducted in the southern Negev and southern Arava during rainy years, to locate populations precisely, in order to obtain a reliable estimate regarding its status. Such a survey would provide information on the biology of the species in Israel, which could serve as a basis for a monitoring or conservation program.

Papaver decaisnei grows in the
deserts of the Middle East and Western Asia: Southern Sinai, Jordan, Saudi
Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. P. decaisnei and
P. glaucous, two very close species, grow in
Jordan. This sympatric distribution suggests the possibility of their being one
taxon that should be united. 

Papaver decaisnei is an extremely rare
annual plant of the southern Arava and southern Negev that was observed only a
few times in Israel. Knowledge regarding the species is limited and additional
surveys and monitoring are required to provide a better assessment of its threat
status and to recommend procedures for dealing with it.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map for observations per pixel
1000 squre meter pixel 5000 squre meter pixel 10000 squre meter pixel
number of observations 0 0 0
in total pixels 0 0 0

ClassificationOn the endangered species list
EcosystemDesert Mountains
Conservation SiteWadi Yaham close to the plain

Red number
Peripherality N
Threat Definition according to the red book Vulnerable
1 (2) districts
Disjunctiveness: 0
0.0% of protected sites

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