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Petrorhagia arabica

4.2 Extinct

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir
Update Time: Aug. 21, 2023, 4:32 p.m.

Petrorhagia arabica
is a very rare plant, which is found in three regions, from three separate
collections in Israel: in 1926, it was found, in the Borokhov neighborhood (now
Giv’atayim) in the Philistian Plain. It was never found again on the coastal
plain, not even during the rare species survey. In the Dead Sea region, it was
collected at En Gedi in the 1940s and has not been seen there since. In the
Negev Highlands it was collected from the Ramon Crater in the 1950s. In the
Flora Palaestina (Danin, 2004) the species is noted in the literature from the lower
Jordan Valley, probably from Jericho (this may be a mistaken identification of
P. zoharyana)
and from the Negev Highlands.

Deserts, probably rocky slopes on Desert Mountains.

is known in Israel from only three
collections, from three sites, one of which (the Borokhov
neighborhood, 1926) is long extinct and two other sites were
apparently episodic events.

plant survey was conducted in the areas where
P. arabica grows in the Negev, therefore it is unclear whether the
species is episodic in Israel or whether it is a rare species growing in desert
habitats that have not yet been found. Moreover, the species is annual, and may
possibly preserve a large seed bank and appear only every few decades.

A comprehensive survey of the Negev should be conducted
to discover
Petrorhagia arabica populations and
to determine if it is an episodic or autochthonous
(indigenous) species with stable populations.

Petrorhagia arabica
is an endemic species to Sinai, southern Jordan and the Israeli Negev. It is a very
rare plant that was collected only a few times over a hundred and fifty years. In
Sinai it grows in the high mountain region of southern Sinai and was also
collected once on Aǧma and Tiah in central Sinai. The plant is rare in the
Negev and in Sinai – a Hebrew University expedition to the Sinai Peninsula studied
the flora of Sinai for more than ten years (Danin et al., 1985), but could not
find a single specimen of
P. arabica. In Jordan, the
plant grows in the highlands of Edom and Moab. Heller (1980-1999) notes
P. arabica
from Horan (Ǧebel Druz), but it may possibly be a mistaken identification of
P. zoharyana
growing there. Information on its habitat and exact systematic status is
lacking because of its extreme rarity.

:  Petrorhagia arabica
is a desert annual
sub-endemic to Sinai, Israel and southern Jordan that is
extremely rare in all the areas in which it grows. It is not clear if its appearance
in Israel is episodic or whether there are only a few permanent populations. The
plant was added to the red species list because it is endemic, first described
from the mountains in South Sinai. It also grows on the southern Jordan highlands;
consequently there is a good chance that it will be discovered in the Negev
Highlands. If the plant is not episodic, its conservation is very important because
it is disregarded in neighboring countries. However, it is also possible that
P. arabica
is a globally extinct species.


Liston, A. 1986, A New Species of Petrorhargia. Candollea 41, (1), 179-181.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map for observations per pixel
1000 squre meter pixel 5000 squre meter pixel 10000 squre meter pixel
number of observations 0 0 0
in total pixels 0 0 0

ClassificationOn the endangered species list
EcosystemDesert, Desert Mountains
ChorotypeEndemic (Saharo – Arab)
Conservation SiteRamon Crater?

Red number
Peripherality N
Threat Definition according to the red book Extinct
2 (3) districts
Disjunctiveness: Low
0.0% of protected sites

Other Species

Petrorhagia zoharyana
Paronychia palaestina
Echinolate Nailwort, Eurasian Nailwort
Bufonia ramonensis