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Hula Vetch
Vicia hulensis

4.2 Endangered

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir
Update Time: Aug. 21, 2023, 4:32 p.m.

Vicia hulensis is limited in its distribution to the eastern Upper Galilee, the Lower Galilee and the Golan. It was first collected on the slopes of the basalt hills descending from the Golan to the Hula Valley, above Gonen, and was then described as a new species (Plitmann, 1965). In the 1980s, it was collected for the first time from two sites at the center of the Golan Heights: Mount Hozek and En Ǧwiza. Since then it has been found at three other sites: En Za'arta (in Yardinon Stream, above Shamir), the Hushnia Iris Reserve and Ǧalbina. In the Upper Galilee, the sites are concentrated on heavy basalt soil on the Dalton and Alma Heights, in a limited area of 3 x 6 km. The species was discovered In the Lower Galilee during the rare species survey in 1993. It grows on heavy soil of basalt origin, in Na’ura, Wadi En Dor, Sde Ilan, and Bet Keshet and at a single site near the Arbel.

Heavy basalt soil fields, occasionally flooded in winter. Vicia hulensis can also be found in slightly rocky areas, on tuff, and on scoria slopes.

• Vicia hulensis is endangered because of the limited number of sites (estimated at 18) it is found in, which are located mostly in the Golan Heights and Lower Galilee, limited to a rare habitat of flooded volcanic soils.
• The total number of individuals sampled in the 1993-1994 survey is estimated at 5,000, a very low number.
• All the V. hulensis sites are easily accessible and potentially highly vulnerable – in the Golan Heights because of cattle grazing and in the Galilee because of agricultural activity.
• The only site included within a nature reserve is that on Bashanit Ridge.

A survey should be conducted in the Golan and on the slopes of the Hula Valley in habitats flooded in winter to find and identify Vicia hulensis populations. Two populations should be monitored: near Alone HaBashan and near Na’ura. A reserve for the species should be established near the Na’ura site.

Vicia hulensis is an endemic species, which has not been discovered so far, in adjacent Levant countries. According to its habitat, it could probably be found in the Bashan.

Vicia hulensis is an extremely rare annual legume endemic to Israel that grows in a few sites in the eastern Upper Galilee and the Golan. It is endangered due to the rarity of its habitat (particularly in the Upper Galilee) – heavy basaltic soil that is flooded in winter and the limited number of individuals on a global level and the small size of populations at each site. The sites are extremely sensitive to agricultural development.

Plitmann, U. 1965. Three new Legumes from Israel. Israel.J.of Botany. 14:90-96.
Plitmann, U. 1987. Vicia basaltica sp. nov. and its relationship to V. hulensis. Israel.J.of Botany. 36:25-30
Cohen, O. & A. Shmida. 1991. Botanical notes. Israel Land and Nature.(Vicia hulensis) 16/3:145.

name of participantsBased on: "The Red Book of Israeli Plants - Threatened Plants in Israel" by Prof. Avi Shmida, Dr. Gadi Pollack and Dr. Ori Fragman-Sapir

Current Occupancy Map

Current occupancy map for observations per pixel
1000 squre meter pixel 5000 squre meter pixel 10000 squre meter pixel
number of observations 0 0 0
in total pixels 0 0 0

ClassificationOn the endangered species list
ChorotypeEndemic (Eastern Mediterranean)
Conservation SiteBashanit Ridge Reserve

Red number
Peripherality 0
Threat Definition according to the red book Endangered
3 (3) districts
Disjunctiveness: Medium
5.6% of protected sites

Other Species

Cypriot Vetch
Basalt Vetch
Esdraelon Vetch
Spring Vetch